Genovesa Island, Galapagos – A Birder’s Paradise

I have never considered myself a bird-watcher and to be honest, I was never very interested in birds, that is until my recent visit to Genovesa Island, Galapagos.  Here I couldn’t help but be awestruck by the size, colour, variety and sheer volume of the birds that make Genovesa their home.



Genovesa Island is a shield volcano in the Galapagos archipelago, in which part of the caldera wall has collapsed creating the Great Darwin Bay. This island is in the north of the Galapagos archipelago and is famous for the abundance of birdlife.





My day on this remarkable island started out with a Zodiac (or Panga as they are locally known) from my ship, the Santa Cruz II, to Prince Phillip’s Steps. From the zodiac I clambered up the 25 metre high staircase cut into the cliff face.


Prince Phillip’s Steps


At the top when I finally looked up I was surrounded by what at first looked like big red balloons. They were in fact the throat pouches of male frigate-birds which is only inflated during courtship. Well let me tell you, the courtship process was in full swing on Genovesa Island. Not only do the frigate-birds inflate their neck pouches but they stretch out their wings and sing an unusual honking song; apparently the females are impressed by this.




I walked with my group and naturalist guide along a designated path through the Palo Santo trees. The leafless trees with white twisted branches created a stark contrast to the colours of the birds and chicks nesting in and around them. Red footed boobies curiously watched us walk past as the frigate birds carried on with their courtship. We had to watch our step as many Nazca booby chicks had wandered onto the path.


Red-footed Boobie


Nazca Boobies

At the edge of the forest we came to a rocky lava plain. Standing on the rocks and looking out to sea my vision was filled with what must have been thousands of birds flying, swooping and diving for fish. It looked like a swarm of giant insects but in actual fact were storm petrels!



As we continued along the trail our guide spotted a Galapagos short-eared owl in the crevasse between the rocks.  She explained that this sub-species of owl is endemic to the Galapagos and it feeds almost entirely on the storm petrels that breed here in there tens of thousands.  She added that unlike most owls the Galapagos short-eared owls hunts during the day.


Short-eared Owl



The wildlife extravaganza continued into the afternoon as we spent the rest of the day snorkelling at Darwin Beach  Sea lions lazed on the white sand as their energetic pups played in the nearby rock pools. The highlight of this snorkelling excursion was the Galapagos sharks swimming below which we watched in awe from a safe distance.


Sea Lions on Darwin Beach


In a nearby lagoon at the end of the beach we saw more great frigatebirds and red-footed boobies along with lava gulls, Galapagos mockingbirds, yellow-crowned herons, and lava herons. Other birds found on the island include: Galapagos doves, red-billed tropic birds and swallow-tailed gulls. As we left the beach to return to our ship we could see many of the great frigatebirds stretching out their wings as if they were waving us goodbye. This truly was a remarkable place and I highly recommend including Genovesa Island to your Galapagos itinerary. I arrived with little interest in birds and left with a new found fascination.




Darwin Beach Lagoon

Written by Fiona Black – Travel Specialist